[CP2K-user] [CP2K:13870] A question about a formula in CP2K source code
Krack Matthias (PSI)
matthi... at psi.ch
Mon Sep 14 14:29:46 UTC 2020
Dear Junting
The one-electron integral <a_c|-Z_c*erf(alpha*|r - R_c|)/(|r - R_c|)|b> can be rewritten as a three-center two-electron repulsion integral <ab||c> (see eq. 30 of this work<https://doi.org/10.1039/B001167N>).
HTH
Matthias
From: cp... at googlegroups.com <cp... at googlegroups.com> On Behalf Of Junting
Sent: Montag, 14. September 2020 16:14
To: cp2k <cp... at googlegroups.com>
Subject: Re: [CP2K:13870] A question about a formula in CP2K source code
Dear Matthias,
Thank you so much for providing me with this insightful work!
However, Eq (3.31) is in Two-electron Integral part, and seems not to involve error function. The <a|erf(r)/r|b> term is one-electron integral, describing the interaction between electron and core, instead of eletron repulsion. I still do not understand how these two are related.
And from intuition, if zetc goes to infinity, ferf should become the same as fnuc. But according to source code, they seem quite different, which also makes me confused.
Best,
Junting
在2020年9月14日星期一 UTC+8 下午4:15:43<Matthias Krack> 写道：
Dear Junting
Did you compare your results with the work of McMurchie and Davidson<https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/002199917890092X> from 1978? The expression for lambda in eq. (3.31) seems to match the implemented ferf for the basic integral.
Best
Matthias
From: c... at googlegroups.com <c... at googlegroups.com> On Behalf Of Junting
Sent: Montag, 14. September 2020 05:13
To: cp2k <c... at googlegroups.com>
Subject: [CP2K:13866] A question about a formula in CP2K source code
Dear CP2K users and developers,
I am reading the source code of CP2K, and I have got lots of insights about formulas and algorithms from it. However, I have encountered a question when reading the aobasis/ai_verfc.F file in src directory.
The ai_verfc module is used for calculating the matrix <a|erfc(r)/r|b> in all-electron calculation. This term is divided into a nuclear term <a|1/r|b> and an error function term <a|erf(r)/r|b>. In the code prefactors corresponding these two terms are calculated by
fnuc = 2.0_dp*pi*zetp*f0
ferf = 2.0_dp*SQRT(pi**5*zetw)*zetp*zetq*f0
and the basic s-orbital integrals are calculated by prefactors and incomplete gamma function
t = rcp2/zetp
CALL fgamma(nmax-1, t, f)
vnuc(1, 1, n) = fnuc*f(n-1)
t = -f4*rcp2/zetp
CALL fgamma(nmax-1, t, f)
verf(1, 1, n) = ferf*f(n-1)
Then the integrals over p or higher orbitals are calculated by a recursion procedure as is discussed in the literature: S. Obara and A. Saika, J. Chem. Phys. 84, 3963 (1986).
My question is that according to my derivations, my result for fnuc is consistent with the code, but my ferf is
ferf = 2.0_dp*pi*zetp*f0*(-f4)**(n-0.5)
which is not consistent with the code, and is dependent on the parameter n in the incomplete gamma function f(n).
And it is reasonable that on the limit of zetc going to infinity, the error function term <a|erf(r)/r|b> should be the same as the nuclear term <a|1/r|b>. But according to source code, it seems not to be the case.
Therefore I want to ask, is this a potential mistake in the source code, or did I miss anything else in the derivations? I really appreciate it if someone could help me solve this question.
Best wishes,
Junting
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